1849 – Chartist cottage at Rosedene – Food garden plot under cultivation.
Photo Credit: © NTPL/Robert Morris
Vegetables growing in the garden at Rosedene the cottage in which early Chartists lived, first occupied in 1849, County Worcestershire. Residents were given a plot of land to cultivate fruit and vegetables to supplement their income, and diet.
Chartism was a movement for political and social reform in the United Kingdom during the mid-19th century between 1838 and 1848. It takes its name from the People’s Charter of 1838, which stipulated the six main aims of the movement as:
• Suffrage for all men age 21 and over (not to be confused with Universal Suffrage)
• Equal-sized electoral districts
• Voting by secret ballot
• An end to the need for a property qualification for Parliament
• Pay for Members of Parliament
• Annual election of Parliament
Chartism was possibly the first mass working class labour movement in the world. Its leaders have often been described as either “physical-” or “moral-force” leaders, depending upon their attitudes to violent protest.
See The National Trust (Britain) web site here. “We protect and open to the public over 300 historic houses and gardens and 49 industrial monuments and mills. But it doesn’t stop there. We also look after forests, woods, fens, beaches, farmland, downs, moorland, islands, archaeological remains, castles, nature reserves, villages – for ever, for everyone.”