Backyard catfish farming in Nigeria
Nigeria has to import fish to make up for the short fall in their domestic catch. But in downtown Lagos there is solution: farming lungfish, also know as catfish
Excerpt from: “Nigeria: Catfish Farming – a Reliable Investment”
By Taiwo Bernard
14 April 2009
Lagos — Many species of fish are farm produced all over the world, but Catfish is taking the lead because of its uniqueness.
Data available shows that 260 million kilogrammes of Catfish was produced compared to five million kilogrammes of Tilapia, 7.7 million kilogrammes of Crawfish/ Crayfish/Shrimp; 2.68 million kilogrammes of Trout; and 50 million kilogrammes of Salmon in the United States of America alone.
The demand for Catfish in Nigeria is unprecedented so much so that no matter the quantity supplied into the market is consumed by ready buyers. This is so because of its low caloric value, low carbohydrate content, high in protein, low in fat, it is quick and easy to prepare and above all , it tastes great.
Catfish is responsible for a multi-billion naira industry, which is big business for both the grower and the consumer. They are raised in controlled environments that help ease the increased demand for improved, quality protein sources to feed our ever increasing population. Farm-raised catfish is consistently high in quality and is available all-year round at a price unaffected by external environmental conditions.
The importance attached to the culture of Catfish in Nigeria is not only because it is a highly esteemed species that command high market value, but it is hardy and can survive where most other cultivable species cannot.
These qualities coupled with its low bone content, fine flavour, high growth rate and its ability to feed on virtually anything make this fish the bride of most fish farmers in Nigeria
Methods of rearing Catfish can be based on a number of criteria such as number of species cultured, technology of production and cultivation stages among others. They can however be cultured under the following methods.