Diverse perceptions of the future of agriculture on the Hanoi, Vietnam periphery
The main results show that farmers and agricultural department officials are more optimistic about the future of urban agriculture than non-farm residents.
By To Thi Thu Ha (FAVRI1), Paule Moustier (CIRAD2), Nguyen Thi Tan Loc (FAVRI).
In: Jean-Louis Chaléard (ed). Métropoles aux Suds, le défi des périphéries? Paris : Karthala, pp. 261-272, 2014.
The objective of the paper is to appraise how peri-urban agriculture and its future are perceived by a variety of residents of Hanoi, including city planners, farmers and non-farmers. It is based on surveys conducted in 2009 involving 47 agricultural households, 14 heads of cooperatives, 83 non-agricultural households, and 13 public officials in charge of agriculture in districts and communes.
The questions related to the relationship between farmers and non-farmers and their perceptions regarding the advantages and disadvantages of agriculture, preferences for different urban landscapes based on pictures showed to them (parks, vegetable gardens, buildings), the perceived future of agriculture and perceived processes of urban planning. The main results show that farmers and agricultural department officials are more optimistic about the future of urban agriculture than non-farm residents.
A majority of respondents – farmers as well as non farmers – feel that agriculture is good and should be maintained for reasons of food supply and employment. Residents do not really want to be involved in decisions on urban planning. Hence, the likely extinction of peri-urban agriculture may not elicit any reaction from Hanoi residents. But it is likely that most of them will miss it after it is too late to maintain it.
The survey has confirmed that proximity of supply is important in gaining consumer trust in the safety of vegetables. This factor should be better taken into account by farmers in the production and promotion of safe vegetables.