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Category — Africa

Raw Human Waste As Fertiliser For Urban Agriculture In Zimbabwe Linked To Typhoid And Cholera

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In terms of the new draft law, no person would be allowed to use or allow the use of human excreta as fertiliser, while people would also be barred from irrigating vegetables and plants with raw waste water.

By Andrew Kunambura
All Africa
Aug 6, 2015

Excerpt:

THE Harare City Council (HCC) is set for renewed tension with residents after it approved the amendment of a by-law that seeks to halt the rampant use of raw human waste as fertiliser.

The new by-law sailed through a full council meeting last Thursday and now awaits ministerial approval.

At law, all council by-laws have to be approved by the Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing.

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August 17, 2015   No Comments

Liberia: European Union Pledges Support For Urban Agriculture

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The urban agriculture project has been undertaken in cities like Monrovia, Tubmanburg and Gbarnga to enhance food production locally.

By Cholo Brook
GNN Liberia
08/06/2015

Excerpt:

The Head of the European Union Delegation to Liberia, Tiina Intelmann, has pledged the EU’s support in improving urban agriculture to strengthen food security in the country.

She noted that the EU is in Liberia to help improve the livelihood of the Liberian people through several activities, including agriculture, and noted that it was critical for Liberians to produce rice, rather than depend on imports from other countries.

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August 16, 2015   No Comments

African town and city fish farmers have converted their swimming pools and backyards into small-scale fish farming ponds

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The figure for fish farmers is even higher in Malawi, where some 30,000 people are active in fish farming-related activities

By Jeffrey Moyo
IPS
Aug 5, 2015

Excerpt:

Hillary Thompson, aged 62, throws some grains of left-over rice from his last meal, mixed with some beer dregs from his sorghum brew, into a swimming pool that he has converted into a fish pond.

“For over a decade, fish farming has become a hobby that has earned me a fortune,” Thompson, who lives in Milton Park, a low density area in the Zimbabwean capital, Harare, told IPS. In fact, he has been able to acquire a number of properties which he now rents out.

Thompson is just one of many here who have struck gold through fish farming.

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August 15, 2015   No Comments

Vegetables Go to School – a nine-year, three-phase initiative

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A project to address malnutrition, particularly among children, by establishing comprehensive school vegetable garden programs in selected countries in Africa and in Asia.

Excerpt from their website:

School gardens are gaining prominence due to the promotion of balanced diets, nutrition education, and the development of livelihood skills (FAO, 2010). However, school gardens are not a new concept. In 1957, FAO and UNICEF started the so-called Applied Nutrition Programs aimed at improving nutrition through school and community gardens, which were sometimes combined with small livestock production and fish ponds (FAO, 1966). Drescher (2002) gives an overview of school garden programmes in developing countries and describes success stories as well as failures.

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August 10, 2015   Comments Off on Vegetables Go to School – a nine-year, three-phase initiative

Ethnicity as a determinant of agriculture in an urban setting – Evidence from Tanzania

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Slide from Mr. Graham Mercer.

Agriculture remains one of the main livelihood strategies in Africa not only in rural areas, but also in an urban context. However, little is known about the role ethnicity plays in urban and periurban agriculture.

By J. Schlesingera, E. Munishib, A. Dreschera
Geoforum
Volume 64, August 2015, Pages 138–145

Highlights

Ethnic association is a major determinant of involvement in agriculture.

Wachagga have much better access to productive resources than other ethnic groups.

Land ownership regimes in the urban area of Moshi remain dominated by traditional norms and agreements.

Social embeddedness remains important in the course of urban growth.

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July 7, 2015   Comments Off on Ethnicity as a determinant of agriculture in an urban setting – Evidence from Tanzania

South Africa: Urban agriculture helps Cape Town grow

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“There’s absolutely no reason for food insecurity anywhere, just 100m2 can feed a family of four year-round with all the fresh veggies they could dream of.”

By Patrick Domburg
Amplicon
July 2015

Cape Town’s growing interest in urban agriculture is set to change the city’s attitude towards food security and sustainable food production.

Across the world, in spaces where food was often taken for granted, more people are becoming aware of the urgent need to embrace urban agriculture on a citywide scale and work across socio-economic divides.

Rob Small, Co-Director of Abalimi says, “There’s absolutely no reason for food insecurity anywhere, just 100m2 can feed a family of four year-round with all the fresh veggies they could dream of.”

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July 2, 2015   Comments Off on South Africa: Urban agriculture helps Cape Town grow

Resident of Kawaala, Uganda, a Kampala suburb grows food on small lot

nairsacHarriet Nakabaale shows some crops in eggshells that she grows as part of her extended farming in her sack garden.

“We need people, especially in the urban areas to engage in agriculture, regardless of limited land. And the answer is sack farming.”

By Mathias Wandera
The Monitor
06/20/2015
Excerpt:

“I started by collecting huge sacks that had been dumped around my neighbourhood. Given that I have always had a poultry house, I was able to compost chicken manure that had accumulated in the coop. This I mixed with black soil to enrich the soil. But I did not just fill the sacks with the soil, I had to place small pebble stones at the middle of the sack, right from bottom to top, then filled the sack with soil leaving the stones erect in the middle,” the mother of three says.

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June 29, 2015   Comments Off on Resident of Kawaala, Uganda, a Kampala suburb grows food on small lot

Urban and suburban agriculture project begins in Republic of Cabo Verde

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Republic of Cabo Verde,[5] is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. Located 570 kilometres (350 mi) off the coast of Western Africa, the islands cover a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi).

Funded by the FAO with a total of US$400,000

Macua Hub
June 19th, 2015

Excerpt:

A project aimed at urban and suburban production of fruit, vegetables, roots, tubers and ornamental plants will begin in the capital of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde), Praia, said the country’s Minister of Rural Development, Eva Ortet.

The minister, cited by newspaper A Semana, said the project, to be carried out by the central government, was part of a United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) programme to create subsistence green belts in cities and surrounding areas that it calls “urban and suburban agriculture.”

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June 28, 2015   Comments Off on Urban and suburban agriculture project begins in Republic of Cabo Verde

Sana, Yemen: Historic urban gardens in Unesco world heritage site damaged by war

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Devastation in Yemen: historic district of Sana’a before and after – in pictures

By Arnel Hecimovic
The Guardian
12 June 2015

A Saudi-led air strike killed at least six civilians and destroyed historic houses in the old quarter of Sana’a, two days ahead of UN-brokered peace talks in Geneva. The air raid was the first in the Unesco world heritage site in Yemen’s rebel-held capital since the coalition started its air campaign in March against the Iran-backed Houthi rebels.

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June 13, 2015   Comments Off on Sana, Yemen: Historic urban gardens in Unesco world heritage site damaged by war

FAO: Urban and peri-urban agriculture: the way forward for a zero hunger world

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FAO Examples in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Caribbean Regions

By Ms Isabel Denis
EuDevDays
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
11 May 2015

Excerpt:

With a growing population estimate to more than 9 billion by 2050 and the growing of the cities estimate to 3,5 billion by 2025, the urban world will have to face challenges and opportunities. 85% of poor people in Latin America and around 50% in Africa and Asia will be concentrate in cities. In many developing countries, urban grow is link with the hope for rural populations to escape hunger, unemployment and insecurity.

They spend most of their income to feed themselves and suffer malnutrition, even at a higher grade than in rural areas, and 30% of them are unemployed. The vulnerable populations socially excluded, generally young and unemployed are a “new bomb” and source of global insecurity which constitute a challenge for the governments to solve.

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June 13, 2015   Comments Off on FAO: Urban and peri-urban agriculture: the way forward for a zero hunger world

Can Africa’s urban farms go vertical?

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A worker harvests fresh produce from a tower at Sky Greens vertical farm in Singapore.

Now is the time to forge the creative partnerships between African entrepreneurs, Western vertical farming pioneers, social impact funders, and corporations to develop economically rewarding but also safe food solutions for Africa’s cities.

By Esther Ngumbi
Thomson Reuters Foundation
21 May 2015

Excerpt:

As a poor student at Kenyatta University in Kenya, I experienced the direct results of this reality. The only food I could afford was Sukuma Wiki, the most commonly eaten leafy vegetable around. I ate it every day of the week, and was often sick. As it turns out, the greens were most likely grown using contaminated water.

In a study published by East African Medical Journal, scientists discovered that the levels of fecal bacteria in water used for irrigating crops and washing vegetables in markets was dangerously high.

Even worse, such cases of food contamination are widely found, as most wastewater generated from urban centers goes untreated into the surrounding environment.

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May 31, 2015   Comments Off on Can Africa’s urban farms go vertical?

How to grow food in a slum: lessons from the sack farmers of Kibera, Kenya

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Fred Onserio, headmaster of Stara rescue centre and school, waters vegetables in the sack gardens in the school grounds. Photograph: Patrick Mayoyo/Africa Eco News

A Kenyan government initiative is helping a growing community of residents to tackle food insecurity in one of the largest slum areas in Africa

Patrick Mayoyo in Nairobi
The Guardian
18 May 2015

Excerpt:

Farming in a slum, however, inevitably has its complications. Not only is land and space scarce, but finding areas free from contamination can also be a challenge.

According to Eva Kadzo, a public health officer and community strategist with the ministry of health, sack farming in Kibera has helped discourage people from planting crops near dump sites and sewers, which had been a common practice in the area. Many of the sewers contain heavy metals such as lead and mercury, creating a health risk to those who consume vegetables grown near them.

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May 24, 2015   Comments Off on How to grow food in a slum: lessons from the sack farmers of Kibera, Kenya

Sana’a Yemen, 2010 – Woman Teacher Giving Gardening Lessons

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Photo by Salwa. Click on image for larger file.

Teaching horticulture in Yeman

Information from Salwa from ‘Food for Cities’
May 21, 2015

Excerpt from letter:

I have few pictures of a lady school teacher with scholars (around 12 years old boys) in a public garden in Sana’a Yemen in 2010; they take lessons in gardening and are assigned a plot to plant and visit on a regular basis in the public garden; I don’t have more information, I only met them once by chance while I was working on an urban Agriculture project with RUAF foundation and my university in Beirut; unfortunately, there is war now in Yemen.

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May 22, 2015   Comments Off on Sana’a Yemen, 2010 – Woman Teacher Giving Gardening Lessons

Shanghai’s Green Ring Generates Half of The City’s Food

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Update May 2015 – RUAF – Resource Centres on Urban Agriculture and Food Security

This RUAF Update informs you about our latest activities including:

Ongoing activities:
• CITYFOOD network
• Milan Urban Food Policy Pact
• CityFoodTools workshop on city region food system assessment
• Role of urban agriculture in working with refugees in Jordan
• WABEF: using slaughterhouse waste for bio-energy production
• Successful course on Food Security in an Urbanising Society
• Young Expert Programme

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May 18, 2015   Comments Off on Shanghai’s Green Ring Generates Half of The City’s Food

Managing change and building resilience: A multi-stressor analysis of urban and peri-urban agriculture in Africa and Asia

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Tending the garden, Sichuan, China, ca.1940-1950.

Resilience of UPA systems is being undermined by urban growth pressures

By Jon Padghama, Jason Jabbourb, Katie Dietrichc,
Urban Climate
Volume 12, June 2015, Pages 183–204

START and UNEP, along with several partners in Africa and South Asia, recently completed a 9-city assessment of urban and peri-urban agriculture that focused on the environmental dimensions of UPA. An article in Urban Climate synthesizing the findings of the assessment is available here. The article examines how poor governance, haphazard urban growth patterns and extreme events are amplifying impacts on UPA systems that may undermine the capacity of UPA systems to meet urban food as well as adaptation needs.

The assessments can be accessed at http://start.org/programs/upa

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May 16, 2015   Comments Off on Managing change and building resilience: A multi-stressor analysis of urban and peri-urban agriculture in Africa and Asia