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Category — Africa

Africa: Cameroonian engineer brings fish farming to the city

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Flavien Kouatcha, an engineer in Douala, is attempting to popularise aquaponics to show that food can be grown in alternative ways. Photo credit: Josiane Kouagheu.

In the past 30 years Cameroon’s urbanization rate has doubled and the urban population continues to grow, rising by five percent each year, versus 2.9 percent for the country’s overall population.

By Flavien Kouatcha
Observers
Sept 15, 2016

Excerpt:

I grew up in a rural area in western Cameroon. I was always passionate about agriculture, though at the same time I realised our growing method wasn’t the right one. Here [in Cameroon], 40 percent of the food produced in rural areas stays in the villages, for lack of logistical means to bring them into the cities. And when it is brought in, it’s very expensive. In addition, fertiliser use is very high, and people don’t know much about new agricultural techniques.

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September 23, 2016   No Comments

Uganda: Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) demonstration farm

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kampl
Godfrey Kato a farming specialist at the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) demonstration farm at Kyanja Wakiso district explains that backyard farming is when one practices farming in sacks and buckets as a way of utilizing the small piece of land available.

He adds that one can grow close to 54 plants on one 100kgs sack depending on the type of crops one is planning to grow.

By Lawrence Mulondo
New Vision
7th September 2016

Excerpt:

Kato explains that one needs a sack, gravel stones, organic manure and soil to make a proper garden.

Mix soil with available organic manure like green manure from cover crops or animal/birds manure like chicken waste.

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September 13, 2016   Comments Off on Uganda: Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) demonstration farm

South Africa: An urban farm is situated on a residential plot in Glencairn, Cape Town

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boer

Meet urban farmer Pierre van der Spuy

By Cari Van Wyk
Biz Community
Sept 8, 2016

Excerpt:

After receiving a 2x2m greenhouse from Urban Freedom two years ago, Pierre van der Spuy started growing herbs and vegetables with his partner and fellow farmer, Teresa Fischer and loved it – now they own and run Evergreen Urban Farm.

“At the time a friend opened a restaurant in Kalk Bay, The Courtyard Café, and we suggested growing organic salad leaves for her. Soon after that, we were told the Foodbarn Restaurant in Noordhoek uses micro greens and we approached Chef Franck Dangereux and suggested supplying him with locally-grown produce. A few months later I bought a property in Glencairn and we started the farm on land we eventually plan to live on,” says Van der Spuy.

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September 13, 2016   Comments Off on South Africa: An urban farm is situated on a residential plot in Glencairn, Cape Town

Africa: Can farmers extend their cultivation areas in urban agriculture? A contribution from agronomic analysis of market gardening systems around Mahajanga (Madagascar)

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twwater
A farmer on an embankment watering two small plots.

Our study provides urban planners with insights on the respective parts played by farming systems, territorial resources and organization of marketing systems in the supply of the cities by urban agriculture.

By M. Mawoisa, C. Aubryb, M. Le Bail
Land Use Policy
17 September 2010

Abstract:

The rapid urbanization in developing countries implies an increasing pressure on urban agriculture for production. As most perishable food products come from this agriculture in close proximity to population concentrations, we analysed from an agronomic point of view how market-garden farmers can meet this increasing urban demand. This work took place in the case of Mahajanga, a secondary city with high increasing demographic rate on the Northwest coast of Madagascar. Based on preliminary surveys to characterize the farming systems (on a sample of 91 farms), 11 market-garden farmers chosen in the three main agricultural zones of the urban area were surveyed during two years.

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September 11, 2016   Comments Off on Africa: Can farmers extend their cultivation areas in urban agriculture? A contribution from agronomic analysis of market gardening systems around Mahajanga (Madagascar)

South Africa: Use urban agriculture to grow the economy

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salPhoto by Zanele Zulu.

Urban agriculture makes use of human aptitude rather than machinery and develops skills that can be applied to other industries in the long run, says the writer.

By Pierre Heistein
IOL
Aug 16, 2016
Pierre Heistein is the instructor of UCT’s applied economics for smart decision making course.

Excerpt:

Initially the provincial programme will help households to bolster their income and diversify their dinner table. But thereafter the number of small farming operations will conglomerate into a larger economic system. Resellers and wholesalers will appear, possibly co-ordinating the production of small farmers and collectively marketing and selling their produce. The economy will grow from the bottom.

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August 24, 2016   Comments Off on South Africa: Use urban agriculture to grow the economy

Productive spaces assessed in Food System and Food Security Study for the City of Cape Town

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fodeat
Figure 9.7: Foods eaten by households in Cape Town in the previous 24 hours (Source: Battersby, 2011, p15) Click on image for larger file.

The Provincial Department of Agriculture has supported 114 community gardens within the City since 2008 to present.

Prepared by: Jane Battersby (UCT)
Gareth Haysom (UCT)
Godfrey Tawodzera (UCT)
Milla McLachlan (Stellenbosch)
Jonathan Crush (UCT)
First Public Report July 2016
July 5, 2014
334 pages

Excerpt:

Productive spaces

The in-city food production is of benefit to a city like Cape Town, particularly in terms of delivering cheaper food and bringing greater dietary diversity and nutritional benefit. The discussion of Cape Town’s in-house food supply focuses on commercial agriculture and the form and fate of the unique productive agriculturally-zoned areas within the boundaries of the City of Cape Town (Chapter 4) and urban agriculture (Chapter 5). A constant theme is the tension between the valuation of agricultural land in terms of its

contribution to food security versus alternative means of valuation such as the argued need for land for development and housing options. Detailed information is available on this element of the food system and its analysis prompts the following conclusions:

• There is vital agricultural production within Cape Town. While there is large-scale production of grapes and other fruit for export, there is also high production of staple vegetables and livestock, both of which support more local consumption;

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July 26, 2016   Comments Off on Productive spaces assessed in Food System and Food Security Study for the City of Cape Town

A hungry Nairobi city explores urban farming

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naur
Speaking during the opening one of the projects at Baba Dogo Primary School, the county Executive for Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Natural Resources Bernard Mugenyo, said the city spent Sh300,000 in developing of the green house at the school, which will act as a model learning centre and also boost both food and financial security for the school.

Nairobi county government is rolling out multi-sectoral urban farming projects in all the 17 sub counties aimed at giving impetus to enhance food security and address youth unemployment.

By Charles Mathai
MediaMax
July 11, 201

Excerpt:

The project follows the repeal of the previous by-laws and passing of Urban Agriculture Promotion and Regulations 2015 by the county assembly in line with the current Constitution.

It is being implemented through the city’s Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, Forestry and Natural Resources department, under the banner, Enhance Food security through Agribusiness and urban and Peri-urban farming Technologies.’

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July 15, 2016   Comments Off on A hungry Nairobi city explores urban farming

Fleet Farming builds bike-powered urban farms

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farmflFred Lake and Justin Vandenbroeck at Fleet Farming’s farmlette at 10th and Campbell streets in West Oakland. Photo: Kate Williams

Over the last two years, the program has grown from five pilot farms to 24 converted lawns and around 4,000 pounds of harvested produce across three international programs in Florida, Oakland and Uganda

By Kate Williams
NOSH
June 27, 2016

Excerpt:

I met Vandenbroeck and Lake at Fleet Farming’s farmlette in the yard of Bay Community Fellowship at 10th and Campbell. Fleet Farming is managing a modest three-bed operation in the back of the church’s yard. I spied rows of tatsoi and teensy radish sprouts, but much of the rest of the produce was harvested the previous Sunday during a “swarm ride.”

It is these swarm rides that are the heart and soul of Fleet Farming. Community members near and far gather twice a month to do work on the farmlettes — harvesting, seeding, building rows — and they travel between the locations on bicycle.

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July 1, 2016   Comments Off on Fleet Farming builds bike-powered urban farms

In a small patch of Bamako, Mali a few plots of land stand strong

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maliQuartier de Magnambougou, Bamako, Mali. Click on image for larger file.

Independent growers farm greens and root vegetables on small plots of land with basic tools.

By Nicolas Leblanc
Nicolas is a French documentary photographer working on social and environmental issues. nicolasleblanc.com
Makeshift 14 (2009)

Excerpt:

In the southern corner of the Sahara, and on the fringe of the capital city Bamako, the fertile Magnambougou district offers an essential oasis. Along the banks of the river Niger, carefully organized plots of land crisscross broken houses and dirt roads. As urbanization of Mali’s capital continues — a trend replicated across West Africa — the tranquil ‘green lung’ plays an increasingly positive role in cooling and feeding the sun-soaked city.

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June 20, 2016   Comments Off on In a small patch of Bamako, Mali a few plots of land stand strong

Sudan: Urban Agriculture Facing Land Pressure in Greater Khartoum – The Case of New Real Estate Projects in Tuti and Abu Se ‘id

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sudan

Dr Alice Franck’s Presentation On Urban Agriculture At The Sudanese Institute Of Architects (SIA)’S 4Th Scientific And Professional Conference

On 23rd May, 2016, Dr Alice Franck, Geographer and Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum, presented her paper at the Sudanese Institute of Architects (SIA)’s 4th Scientific and Professional conference.

Excerpt from Abstract:

My initial research into this location of intense speculation examined the future of the central areas that remained under agricultural activity and how they were gradually being transformed into urban areas (Franck 2007). The approach adopted analysed the resistance of agriculture and farmers to the spread of real estate and the pressure of competition over land ownership. Five years later, the action in favour of urban plan renewal has been drastically intensified and the capacity for resistance severely diminished; three of the five market gardening areas (Tuti, Shambat, Abu Se’id, Abu Rof and Mogran) observed during fieldwork in 2001–5 are subject to huge real estate projects (Mogran, Abu Se’id and Tuti). In this chapter, I focus my analysis on how landowners and the entire agricultural sector can both adapt to and confront the transformation.

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May 26, 2016   Comments Off on Sudan: Urban Agriculture Facing Land Pressure in Greater Khartoum – The Case of New Real Estate Projects in Tuti and Abu Se ‘id

A local lady and scholar, Dr Hangwelani Hope Magidimisha, made history when she became the first black woman to get a PhD in Urban Planning at the University of Kwazulu Natal.

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phdladyDr Hangwelani Hope Magidimisha..

Her Masters Thesis: The responsiveness of town planning to urban agriculture in low-income neighbourhoods : a case study of Kwa-Mashu in Durban, South Africa.

Excerpt about her academic journey:

A resident of the rural Ngudza village, Magidimisha stated that her motivation to study and work hard came from her uneducated parents. “I am from a humble beginning with supportive parents and a supportive community,” she said. “When I was in Grade 12 at Ramugondo Secondary, our school achieved a 100% pass rate for the first time in history. We were a highly motivated class. This was also the motivation for me; it just proved to me that the sky is the limit.”

She indicated that hard work had always had a way of paying off. “If I work hard, anything is possible,” she beamed. “I like doing what people think is impossible. I guess this is something I got from my father.”

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May 6, 2016   Comments Off on A local lady and scholar, Dr Hangwelani Hope Magidimisha, made history when she became the first black woman to get a PhD in Urban Planning at the University of Kwazulu Natal.

Why urban agriculture isn’t a panacea for Africa’s food crisis

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sfrIn the last few years, Cape Town has witnessed the proliferation of hundreds of community gardens and urban farms.

It is clear that urban agriculture can have significant benefits for some participating households. But we are concerned about the absence of wider evidence supporting its potential to address food insecurity beyond those households.

By Gareth Haysom, Researcher at the African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town
Jane Battersby, Senior Researcher in Urban Food Security and Food Systems, University of Cape Town
Economies
April 15, 2016

Excerpt:

Proponents of urban agriculture offer figures suggesting that as many as 40% of African urban residents are involved in some form of agriculture. Such figures require far greater interrogation. In the case of Cape Town in South Africa, research conducted in low-income areas of the city in 2008 found that less than 5% of poor residents were involved in any form of urban agriculture. In reality, those most active in urban agriculture were found to be wealthier people in low-income areas.

Context is a further determining factor. Research shows that in towns where the municipal boundary extended into areas with more rural characteristics, urban agriculture was higher.

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April 20, 2016   Comments Off on Why urban agriculture isn’t a panacea for Africa’s food crisis

Africa: Women in Kenya’s Mathare slum turn their tin roofs into vegetable gardens

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slrofA view of one part of Mathare.

Iron sheet farming and hanging gardens practised in Mathare and Korogocho slums are some of the urban farming techniques that are slowly adding to a raft of measures put in place to guarantee food security and nutrition in informal settlements.

By Ejidiah Wangui
African News
Xinhua
2016-04-13

Excerpt:

Behind overlapping shanties and overcrowded streets in the slums, is a novel roof gardening project that has been feeding over 100 households while providing income to slum women struggling to make ends meet at a time when food prices especially in urban areas have been on an unprecedented highs.

The “gardens”, Wamuhu said, are mounted on top of small structures, some as small as 10 by 10 meters, which are the standard structures in the area and which accommodate on average five family members.

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April 18, 2016   Comments Off on Africa: Women in Kenya’s Mathare slum turn their tin roofs into vegetable gardens

Uganda: Kampala City dwellers to be trained in urban farming

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kamplJournalists touring a Sukuma Wiki nusery bed in one of the greenhouses at Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) Agriculture Resource Center in Kyanja Kawempe division Kampala district. Photo by Lawrence Mulondo.

“The people, who have visited the resource centre, are already putting into practice what they learnt and their income has increased as they sell some of the produce they grow and animals they keep.”

By Lawrence Mulondo
New Vision
8th April 2016

Excerpt:

Galukande explained that urban farming will solve the unemployment problem in the city.

The centre sits on 31 acres of land with over five projects, including poultry, piggery and modernised fish ponds, vegetables including tomato, sweet pepper and sukumawiki all grown in green houses.

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April 14, 2016   Comments Off on Uganda: Kampala City dwellers to be trained in urban farming

Urban fish farming makes sense in Harare, Zimbabwe

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zimfish

Tilapia eat algae, weeds, vegetable scraps and bugs. Mulauzi says, “My fish survive on algae. I develop algae for them using chicken manure.

By Sharon Mazingaizo
Harare News
Mar 16, 2016

Excerpt:

Alfred Mulauzi (44) walks around his garden with pride, looking over his fish pond filled with bream. Mulauzi is an urban fish farmer and keen gardener who lives in Rhodesville with his wife and three children. He completed training in fish farming to improve his livelihood whilst providing a healthy and affordable source of protein to feed his family.

Mulauzi tends to his pond, which contains over 200 tilapia, with knowledge and passion.

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April 11, 2016   Comments Off on Urban fish farming makes sense in Harare, Zimbabwe