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Category — Cuba

Here’s what better relations with the US mean for city farms in Cuba

ubausCuba has a unique and highly productive agricultural system in the cities and on the fringes of suburbia. Javier Ignacio Acuña Ditzel/Flickr

Both farmers and the Cuban government will need to work out how to resist international market pressures. Otherwise the unique, productive model of Cuban urban and peri-urban agriculture may disappear.

By Julia Wright
Senior Research Fellow, Agroecological Futures at Coventry University
By Emily Morris
Research Associate, Institute of the Americas, UCL at UCL
The Conversation
June 18, 2015

Excerpt:

However, two factors protect the Cuban urban agriculture model.

The first is that it has become well-established. Farmers understand and have committed to agroecological principles, at least in urban and peri-urban zones. On the government side, the model has proven it can achieve development priorities and is enshrined in policy.

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June 26, 2015   Comments Off on Here’s what better relations with the US mean for city farms in Cuba

Urban gardening in Cuba: Vivero Alamar – Havana’s largest City Garden

I shot the video in one day during a press trip to Cuba organized by the German NGO Welthungerhilfe. The NGO has supported the City Garden featured in the video for more than ten years.

Video and text by Roland Brockmann
2015

I visited the city garden of Alamar in Havana a short time after the handshake between Barack Obama and Raul Castro. Therefore one of the goals of my visit was to find out how Cubans farmers see the new political climate between the US and Cuba. What are their hopes and worries?

Miguel Lopez, the president of the cooperative, was very positive about the political convergence. “This process of opening up is important for Cuba.” he said. “There’s a global community and we’re going to be joining it now.”

Because the garden produce is strictly organic, Lopez was especially excited about the opportunity of exporting organic food to nearby Florida. He wasn’t worried about the risk of cheap produce destroying the domestic market.

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June 23, 2015   Comments Off on Urban gardening in Cuba: Vivero Alamar – Havana’s largest City Garden

Cuban urban famers pressured by impending US pesticide imports

There are more than 10 thousand urban organic farms in Cuba, producing around half of all the country’s vegetables, according to the Government’s Urban Agriculture Program.

By Michael Voss
CCTV.com
04-29-2015

Excerpt:

As Cuba and the United States move closer towards re-establishing diplomatic relations, U.S. companies are increasingly looking for commercial opportunities on the island. The U.S. already exports food to Cuba, next could be pesticides and fertilizers. Yet, Cuba has a large and well-established organic farming sector using only non-chemical products.

The Organoponico Vivero Alamar is one of Cuba’s showcase urban farms, a pioneer in sustainable production. The 10 hectare farm provides fresh produce for many of the residents of Alamar, on the outskirts of Havana. To help do so, they make around 400 tons of bio-fertilizer a year, based on animal manure.

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May 8, 2015   Comments Off on Cuban urban famers pressured by impending US pesticide imports

Urban agriculture contributes half of Cuba´s vegetable production

cubasmile

Cuban Agriculture minister Gustavo Rodriguez said that the initiative has helped create more than 300,000 jobs.

Cuban New Agency
17 April 2015

HAVANA, Cuba, Apr 17 (acn) Urban and family gardening contributes 50 percent of the country´s vegetable production with over one million Cubans involved in this developing initiative.

During the closing session of the Second International Congress on Urban and Family Gardening, held in Havana, Cuban Agriculture minister Gustavo Rodriguez said that the initiative has helped create more than 300 thousand jobs.

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April 29, 2015   Comments Off on Urban agriculture contributes half of Cuba´s vegetable production

‘Tierralismo’ – the story of Cuba’s most successful urban farm, Organopónico Vivero Alamar

TIERRALISMO (2013) clip from Icarus Films on Vimeo.

In the district of Alamar, a 26-acre farming co-op provides employment for dozens of workers

A film by Alejandro Ramirez Anderson
Icarus Films

Excerpt:

“At this moment I’m no longer a doctor. Right now I consider myself a farmer like everyone else.”

On the outskirts of Havana, sandwiched between highways and public housing, a revolution is taking place. Here, in the district of Alamar, a 26-acre farming co-op provides employment for dozens of workers, while producing vegetables and medicinal plants for the local community and beyond.

Following the collapse of the Soviet Bloc in the early 1990s, Cuba was no longer able to access machinery and agricultural chemicals from its former Communist allies. In this difficult environment, the government relaxed economic rules and allowed the formation of cooperatives like the Organopónico Vivero Alamar.

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April 16, 2015   Comments Off on ‘Tierralismo’ – the story of Cuba’s most successful urban farm, Organopónico Vivero Alamar

International Congress on Urban Agriculture Starts in Havana

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The Congress that will last till Thursday includes the presentation of 40 papers

Havana, Apr 14 (Prensa Latina)

The 2nd International Congress on Urban, Suburban and Family Agriculture starts today at the Conventions Center in Havana, followed by the conference “Agrarian Research in Cuba: Outlooks, Challenges and Demands”.

The conference will be given by Adolfo Rodríguez, who is in charge of urban agriculture in the country and is head of the Institute for Fundamental Researches of Tropical Agriculture.

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April 15, 2015   Comments Off on International Congress on Urban Agriculture Starts in Havana

Urban Agriculture in Cuba: Parts One and Two

organoOrganoponicos. Image by Alice Claydon.

Growing more food in cities improves biodiversity, air pollution, green space, public health, food literacy, community engagement, employment prospects and urban regeneration.

By Alice Claydon
Landscape Institute
Mar 6, 2015
Alice Claydon is one of three Student Travel Award 2014 recipients. She recently visited Cuba to investigate urban agriculture.

Excerpt:

During my trip I discovered some of the secrets to the success of Cuba’s urban agricultural movement:

1. State support: Over forty government departments are dedicated to every aspect of low carbon organic food production providing support, training and research. Learning how to grow food is entrenched in education from nursery school upwards. Schools, hospitals and elderly care homes all have organic gardens which teach people how to grow and prepare healthy food. Widespread political propaganda also re-enforces the message that self sufficiency contributes to national security.

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March 27, 2015   Comments Off on Urban Agriculture in Cuba: Parts One and Two

Havana, Cuba – Lettuces of Lead

cubalead

The lack of an effective system of trash sorting and processing works against us, because much of the waste used for compost in the urban organic gardens has had previous contact with materials like cans, paints, and batteries, thrown indiscriminately into landfills all over the country.

By Rosa Lopez
Havana
1 March 2015

Excerpt:

Nationwide, about 40,000 people work in urban agriculture projects on some 83,000 acres (130 square miles) that are divided into 145,000 parcels, 385,000 patios*, 6,400 intensive gardens and 4,000 urban organic gardens. These last under the leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture, although with some autonomy for crop management.

With these lands planted in populated areas, it has been the goal to reduce food insecurity, offer greater access to fresh produce and to expand green spaces in urban zones.

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March 11, 2015   Comments Off on Havana, Cuba – Lettuces of Lead

Minneapolis picks up urban agriculture tips from Cuba

cubavis
Members of a Twin Cities delegation visit a Havana co-op that specializes in compost using worms. Photo courtesy of Ben Somogyi.

Minneapolis is rolling out a new compost program for residents this year.

By Erin Golden
Star Tribune
January 26, 2015

Excerpt:

Two Minneapolis City Council aides were part of a Twin Cities group that recently spent more than a a week in Cuba, visiting co-ops and compost sites and picking up information on urban agriculture.

Robin Garwood, a policy aide for Council Member Cam Gordon and Ben Somogyi, policy aide for Council Member Lisa Bender, said the trip offered a chance to get a new perspective on agriculture efforts championed by both council members. The two joined 10 other people, several of them with Stone’s Throw Urban farm, on the “food sovereignty” trip organized by think tank Food First.

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February 5, 2015   Comments Off on Minneapolis picks up urban agriculture tips from Cuba

What we can learn from Cuba’s agroecology

cuba sitThis Cuban hydroponics farm uses specialized irrigation methods to grow vegetables in smaller, non rural areas. Photo: Javier Galeano.

How this island nation feeds its people is a success story worth considering.

By William G. Moseley
Star Tribune
December 21, 2014
William G. Moseley is professor and chair of geography at Macalester College in St. Paul. His latest book is “An Introduction to Human-Environment Geography: Local Dynamics and Global Processes.”

Excerpt:

Unlike modern American agriculture — long characterized by its energy-intensive approach that involves mechanization, hybrid seeds, inorganic fertilizers and pesticides — Cuban scientists needed to find a way to boost production without increasing fossil-fuel consumption. They did this through the careful study of ecological interactions in farm fields (that is, agroecology). By using plant associations — such as legumes to fix nitrogen for grain crops, the intensive production of compost and the use of biopesticides — Cuban scientists demonstrated that agroecology was as or more effective at increasing crop production than conventional methods.

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January 6, 2015   Comments Off on What we can learn from Cuba’s agroecology

Cuba’s Urban Gardens: health risks stemming from urban or semi-urban agriculture

cubanew

The notorious case of Cuba’s largest dumpsite, located on 100 St, in Havana’s neighborhood of Marianao, is illustrative of this. Its residues have affected nearly all surrounding crops, both at urban vegetable gardens and traditional croplands.

By Isbel Diaz Torres
Havana Times
Oct 14, 2014
(Must read. Mike)

Excerpt:

Under these types of conditions, as in those in which crops are close to highways, contamination through the absorption of heavy metals found in soils, air or water, is a dangerous risk.

Only the community’s real involvement in the handling of such spaces could guarantee the efficient protection of crops against the many contaminating agents out there. Cuba, however, has merely created more State establishments, akin to rationed product points, where vegetables are simply sold, and, to top things off, in a manner subordinate to the inefficient Ministry of Agriculture.

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October 24, 2014   Comments Off on Cuba’s Urban Gardens: health risks stemming from urban or semi-urban agriculture

Student Travel Award – Alice Claydon will head to Cuba to study urban agriculture

trav

The 28-year-old is currently completing a postgraduate diploma in Landscape Architecture at Birmingham City University

Landscape Institute
Sept 12, 2014

Excerpt:

Why is urban agriculture so important?

“I’m looking at it from the perspective of increasing urbanisation being quite an important factor that landscape architects have to consider in their designs in the future. Since 2010, for the first time in human history, more people around the world now live in a city rather than in the countryside. By 2050, this proportion will rise to 7 out of every 10 people, or the equivalent of 6.7 billion people, living in an urban environment. The highly imperative and pressing issue of how to sustainably support these growing urban populations is already being considered and explored by landscape architects around the world.

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October 16, 2014   Comments Off on Student Travel Award – Alice Claydon will head to Cuba to study urban agriculture

Concern that Cuba’s Organic Urban Gardens Now Cater to Private Businesses

havcub
Restaurante El Templete, Havana, Cuba.

A model that sought to increase the availability of farm products (particularly fresh produce) and aimed at benefitting the low-income population through improved nutrition and job creation, has become the chief supplier of Havana’s private restaurants.

By Isbel Diaz Torres
Havana Times
Sept 17, 2014
(Must read. Mike)

Excerpt:

Early in the morning, while most of us are heading to our places of work, the owners of private restaurants send out their buyers to load up on any green thing to be found around the city.

Three or four cars parked in front of an organic garden is an unequivocal sign that one won’t be able to buy anything there, as the trunks of those cars are likely to be filled up with products. Before noon, there no vegetables left on the stands.

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October 15, 2014   Comments Off on Concern that Cuba’s Organic Urban Gardens Now Cater to Private Businesses

Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

koont

Sinan Koont has spent the last several years researching urban agriculture in Cuba, including field work at many sustainable farms on the island.

By Sinan Koont
University Press of Florida (December 11, 2011)
Sinan Koont is associate professor of economics at Dickinson College.
A volume in the series Contemporary Cuba, edited by John M. Kirk
208 pages

“Pushed by necessity but enabled by its existing social and educational policies, Cuba in the 1990s launched the most extensive program of urban sustainable agriculture in the world. This study is to date the only book-length investigation in either English or Spanish of this important national experiment in transforming the environmental, economic, and social nature of today’s dominant system of producing food.”—Al Campbell, University of Utah

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August 11, 2014   Comments Off on Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Farming Cuba – Urban Agriculture from the Ground Up

clouse

By 1998 there were more than 8,000 urban farms in Havana producing nearly half of the country’s vegetables.

By Carey Clouse
Princeton Architectural Press
April 29, 2014
Carey Clouse teaches architecture and urbanism at UMass Amherst and is a partner at Crooked Works, a firm addressing the intersection between architecture and sustainability

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, Cuba found itself solely responsible for feeding a nation that had grown dependent on imports and trade subsidies. With fuel, fertilizers, and pesticides disappearing overnight, citizens began growing their own organic produce anywhere they could find space, on rooftops, balconies, vacant lots, and even school playgrounds. By 1998 there were more than 8,000 urban farms in Havana producing nearly half of the country’s vegetables.

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May 6, 2014   Comments Off on Farming Cuba – Urban Agriculture from the Ground Up