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Category — Russia

Reflections on Urban Farming in Russia

dach

“When we started making Growing Cities, a new documentary about urban farming in America, we never imagined where it would take us.”

By Dan Susman
Growing Cities
April 17, 2014

Excerpt:

Most recently, we had the opportunity to travel to Moscow, Russia, as part of the Ecocup Film Festival and with the support of the US Embassy. I spoke with many students and citizens there about urban agriculture, which is a relatively new concept for Russians. However, that isn’t to say they don’t have a long history tied to the land.

Almost every time we showed the film, someone would ask, ‘have you heard of dachas?’ At first, I had no idea, though by the third or fourth time I had a pretty good understanding. Dachas (literally meaning ‘something given’ in ancient Russian) are peri-urban seasonal homes, which usually have small land allotments attached. These plots were first given out to loyal vassals starting in the late 17th century with Peter the Great, though now Russians from all classes have these plots.

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April 17, 2014   No Comments

In 1999, 35 million small family plots produced 90% of Russia’s potatoes, 77% of vegetables, 87% of fruits, 59% of meat, 49% of milk


A typical Russian garden.

In 2004, Russian gardeners’ output amounted to 51% (by value) of the total agricultural output of the Russian Federation.

By Thebovine
August 9, 2009

Excerpts:

In 2003 the Russian President signed into law a further “Private Garden Plot Act” enabling Russian citizens to receive free of charge from the state, plots of land in private inheritable ownership. Sizes of the plots differ by region but are between one and three hectares each [1 hectare = 2.2 acres]. Produce grown on these plots is not subject to taxation. A further subsequent law to facilitate the acquisition of land for gardening was passed in June 2006. (according to a footnote in “Who We Are” by Vladimir Megre, pg. 42)

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May 22, 2012   1 Comment

Family Urban Agriculture as a component of Human Sustainable Development


Leningrad during the Seige. Vegetable gardens near the gates of St. Isaac’s Cathedral, c. 1943. Photo by Boris Kudoyarov.

The contribution of urban agriculture to human sustainable development is potentially important.

By Louiza Mansourovna Boukharaeva
Professor of Philosophy at Kazan Technical University (Russia)
and
Marcel Marloie
Researcher in rural economy and sociology in the National Institute of Agronomic Researches (France)
Unknown date

Excerpt:

In the Russian case where the State has always been controlling food distribution channels, Family Urban Agriculture (FUA), as with peasant plots in rural areas, served a food contribution function, including a way to help the survival of families in case of serious crises. The Soviet period caused a specific evolution to the long history of FUA. The social destruction and very rapid urbanization of the 1920’s and 30’s happened with the destruction of the older forms of urban agriculture.

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March 21, 2011   Comments Off

The Socioeconomic and Cultural Significance of Food Gardening in the Vladimir Region of Russia

Boris5.jpg
Boris Pasternak digging a potato patch at his dacha in Peredelkino, near Moscow, in the summer of 1958. From Sharashkin thesis, via LIFE magazine.

The Earth needs our help

By Leonid Sharashkin
PhD thesis
University of Missouri–Columbia
May, 2008
274 pages
(Exciting find! So much to read in this paper. Mike)
Excerpts:

Russia has 18.8 million acres of family gardens, which produce US$14 billion worth of products per year, equivalent to over 50% of Russia’s agricultural output, or 2.3% of the country’s GDP (Rosstat 2007b). The United States, on the other hand, have 27.6 million acres of lawn, which produce a US$30 billion per year lawn care industry (Bormann, Balmori, and Geballe 2001).

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October 3, 2010   1 Comment

Cultivate vegetables! Soviet poster ca. 1930

soviet.jpg

Cultivate vegetables!

A. Kuznetsova, A. Magitson, ca. 1930
Publisher: AChR, Moscow

Workers are encouraged to cultivate vegetables near factories. On the poster, a realistic still life is combined with a modern constructivist background. It is issued by the publishing company of AChR, the Association of Revolutionary Artists. This organization is the main promotor of Socialist Realism and develops a stranglehold on the visual arts.
From the International Institute of Social History.

October 3, 2009   Comments Off

Czar Nicholas II and His Family Working in Garden. 1917

Czar.jpg

Photograph shows Czar Nicholas II and family gardening at Alexander Palace during internment at Tsarskoe-Selo, 1917.

Larger photo here.

January 18, 2008   Comments Off