Category — thesis
“When Plotters Meet’ by Caitlin O’Brian DeSilvey
By Caitlin O’Brian DeSilvey
Masters of Science Geography
University of Edinburgh 2001
(Must read. Mike)
During the twentieth century, Edinburgh allotment holders engaged in repeated efforts to defend their gardens against competing land uses. Allotment movement appeals for security of tenure and municipal investment mobilized different strategic representations of allotments’ functional and symbolic value. This thesis traces five interwoven narrative strands, which represent coexisting – but often conflicting – versions of the allotment. These strands of meaning and motive cohere around the following themes: poor-relief and social reform; recreation and leisure; urban ecology and town planning; land rights activism; and, patriotic national self-provisioning. Parliamentary allotment inquiries in 1921 and 2001 bracket my analysis thematically and chronologically.
November 17, 2013 Comments Off
Agriculture Urbaine Et Périurbaine Pour La Sécurité Alimentaire En Afrique De L’ouest. Le Cas Des Micro-Jardins Dans La Municipalité De Dakar
Phd Thesis in French – Abstract in English
By Tommaso Sposito
Defence date: 17-Dec-2010
University/Publisher Università degli Studi di Milano
The author wrote his PhD thesis about UPA in West Africa in French. His focus was on Cotonou (Benin) and Dakar, especially the micro garden project(s) in Dakar. He has followed micro garden development since 2005.
In the context of Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture (UPA) micro-gardens, a simplified version of hydroponics, represent an interesting opportunity for producers, because they are characterized by a high efficiency in the use of water (2-3 l/m2/per day) and by a great spatial versatility. Moreover the vegetables grown through this technique are of high quality, because quality water and no chemical pesticide are used. These characteristics improve the poorest families’ access to horticultural products, they contribute to diet diversification of poor (and also non poor) families and thanks to surplus selling they answer the need to create an extra source of income.
October 18, 2013 Comments Off
White Spaces, Ethnic Places: A Gap in Urban Agriculture Research
By Brandon Hoover, Ursinus College
Journal of Agriculture and Food Systems and Community Development
Published online August 26, 2013
In recent years urban agriculture has gained the attention of policy-makers, social organizers, and academics alike. This new wave of work and attention focuses on projects that ameliorate issues ranging from food insecurity to urban blight, and environmental degradation to the subversion of industrial food production. These projects consist of a variation of community gardens, educational programs, demonstration farms, and entrepreneurial production farms (I will identify all of these under the umbrella of urban agriculture (UA)).
October 11, 2013 Comments Off
“Although these are positive results, it is too early to conclude that all urban agriculture projects in the Netherlands can be run profitably.”
By Applied Plant Research
Report Published Sept. 2013
In Dutch with some English, 101 page
Urban agriculture always generates a great deal of enthusiasm. However, many people wonder what the ultimate benefits are. To clarify this issue, researchers from Wageningen UR have produced, together with Witteveen+Bos consultancy, a social cost-benefit analysis (SCBA) for three urban agriculture projects.
The researchers analysed three cases: an existing project, “Food Garden Rotterdam” and the plans for “Regional development De Nieuwe Warande Tilburg” and “Hazennest Farm” in Tilburg. The analysis revealed a large number of social benefits such as: health benefits for the volunteers due to a healthier lifestyle, improved liveability (because of the recreational possibilities), more pleasurable living and more job opportunities.
October 9, 2013 Comments Off
Comparative Analysis of Biogas Slurry and Urine as Sustainable Nutrient Sources for Hydroponic Vertical Farming
Thesis by Vlad A. Dumitrescu
Master’s programme Science for Sustainable Development
Water and Environmental Studies Department of Thematic Studies Linköping University
For my thesis I conducted research for Plantagon, the Swedish company aiming to build a large scale vertical hydroponic greenhouse in the city of Linköping. I looked at sustainable nutrient sources for hydroponics, namely biogas slurry and urine.
Sustainable alternatives to using mined nutrients in agriculture must be found in order to limit environmental impacts such as eutrophication, habitat destruction and greenhouse gas emissions. Biogas slurry and urine recycled to hydroponic food production (a type of soilless agriculture) have the potential of providing inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus, the main essential nutrients required for plant growth. A Life Cycle Inventory Assessment (LCI) methodology has been used to compare the systems of producing artificial fertilizer, biogas slurry and urine based nutrient solutions for the growth of Brassica rapa L. (Chinese cabbage) in the context of a large scale hydroponic vertical farm.
September 21, 2013 Comments Off
A case study of urban farming in Vancouver as an urban sustainable and ecological resilient practice
By Kristin Edith Abrahamsen Kjærås
Master Thesis in Human Geography Department of Sociology and Human Geography
University Of Oslo
This thesis is a qualitative case study of the mobilization and negotiation of urban farming, as an urban sustainable and economic resilient practice in the City of Vancouver. The thesis is based on a triangulation of data-collection techniques, consisting of document review, semi-structured interview, and minor participatory observation. Considering the concurrent legal imposition of urban farming in this city, this case study analyzes how urban farming is advanced as a legitimate practice within different levels of the urban political terrain. Further, this thesis progresses insight into the concrete dynamics hindering and contributing to the mobilization and negotiation of urban farming as a legitimate practice in the City of Vancouver.
September 14, 2013 Comments Off
Urban agriculture plays a number of environmental, social and economic functions, which still have to be recognised by the urban authorities.
By Paule Moustier
CIRAD, Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement, Montpellier, France
2007, Acta Horticulturae, nr 762:145-158
Peri-urban agriculture is still the subject of intense debate as regards its viability, its efficiency in urban food supply relative to rural production, and the rationale for the state to protect it from urban development. The paper investigates the role of urban horticulture in the supply of African and Asian cities and the importance of maintaining proximity between farmers and consumers of vegetables. It draws on insights of spatial economics as regards physical proximity and institutional economics as regards relational proximity. It is based on market surveys in various cities of Africa and South-East Asia, especially on the origin of food products, and the relationships between buyers and purchasers.
June 28, 2013 Comments Off
Much ink can be wasted on policy recommendations and policy documents if the political will to make them work is missing.
By Diana Lee-Smith
Environment and Urbanization
2010 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). 483
Vol 22(2): 483–499. 2010
Diana Lee-Smith holds a Doctorate from Lund University, Sweden, and co-founded Mazingira Institute, an independent research body in Kenya where she has been involved in research, development and activist work on urban environment and development issues since 1978.
For several decades, a diverse literature has claimed that urban agriculture has the potential for hunger and poverty alleviation. This article reviews empirical data from equatorial Africa that touch on this assertion, updating the work on the subject published in the mid-1990s. Research, largely from East Africa but also including Cameroon in West Central Africa, appearing in several recent and currently emerging publications is assessed and compared. The article attempts to quantify the extent of urban agriculture in several cities based on the proportion of urban households involved, and assesses its statistical and qualitative relationship to urban food and nutrition security as well as its complex relationship to poverty.
June 25, 2013 Comments Off
Urban agriculture of the future: an overview of sustainability aspects of food production in and on buildings
By Kathrin Specht, Rosemarie Siebert, Ina Hartmann, Ulf B. Freisinger, Magdalena Sawicka, Armin Werner, Susanne Thomaier, Dietrich Henckel, Heike Walk, Axel Dierich
Agriculture and Human Values
Agriculture and Human Values is the journal of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society. The Journal is dedicated to an open and free discussion of the values that shape and the structures that underlie current and alternative visions of food and agricultural systems.
Innovative forms of green urban architecture aim to combine food, production, and design to produce food on a larger scale in and on buildings in urban areas. It includes rooftop gardens, rooftop greenhouses, indoor farms, and other building-related forms (defined as “ZFarming”). This study uses the framework of sustainability to understand the role of ZFarming in future urban food production and to review the major benefits and limitations.
June 16, 2013 Comments Off
“City Farmer” tends garden in the Fenway, administered by the 600-member Fenway Civic Association. Four hundred twenty-five personal gardens are tilled on these five acres in Metropolitan Boston, 05/1973. Photo by Environmental Protection Agency.
The allotment movements were ignited by philanthropists of their time when trying to improve living conditions for the urban poor.
By Stephan Barthel, John Parker and Henrik Ernstson
Published online 28 January 2013
This article examines the role played by urban gardens during historical collapses in urban food supply lines and identifies the social processes required to protect two critical elements of urban food production during times of crisis — open green spaces and the collective memory of how to grow food. Advanced communication and transport technologies allow food sequestration from the farthest reaches of the planet, but have markedly increasing urban dependence on global food systems over the past 50 years.
June 9, 2013 Comments Off
Call for papers for an issue of Géocarrefour, 2013
Agriculture urbaine et alimentation : entre politiques publiques et initiatives locales
Appel à contribution pour un numéro de Géocarrefour, 2013
See the link to the French website.
Sylvie Lardon, directrice de recherche à l’Inra, professeure à AgroParisTech, UMR Métafort
Salma Loudiyi, Maitre de Conférences à VetAgro Sup, UMR Métafort
Between public policies and local initiatives, how to integrate city-agriculture links
There has been a constant insistence on the demographic challenge of the mid-21st century where urban growth forecasts for 2050 sound the alarm on questions of food security for cities, even for food autonomy, and on the sustainability of territorial systems which are more and more vulnerable. The stakes associated with these dynamics question our ability to think change, to invent new methods of action that are founded both on voluntarist public policies and on local initiatives that aim for a better integration of the urban-rural links, and more precisely, city-agriculture links.
March 8, 2013 Comments Off
From 2 page project poster. See complete poster here.
This study examines the business models and economics of Metro Vancouver’s urban farms
By Marc Howard Schutzbank
Master of Science – MSc
UBC’s Integrated Studies in Land and Food Systems
Increasing food insecurity, lack of sustainable food systems, and a desire to participate in the food system are prompting the growth of various forms of urban agriculture: community gardens, urban homesteads, and urban farms. Urban farms, as distinct from other urban agriculture projects, are defined by the sale of their product. They raise produce and grow ornamentals to sell in neighbourhoods, all while building urban food networks that connect communities to their food.
January 28, 2013 1 Comment
Call for Abstracts/Papers for Special Issue of ‘Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems’
Special Issue Editors:
Carolyn Dimitri (New York University, firstname.lastname@example.org),
Andy Pressman (National Center for Appropriate Technology-ATTRA project, email@example.com)
Lydia Oberholtzer (Penn State, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Interest in urban food is growing, not only on the part of consumers, but also on the part of federal and local policymakers. While policymakers typically focus on the food access aspect of urban farming, growth in urban and suburban agriculture can provide new opportunities for small and medium-sized farmers. Worldwide, according to the United Nations Development Programme, an estimated 15 to 20 percent of food is raised in urban settings. Urban agriculture is best known for its widespread adoption in developing country where often many urban residents rely on urban farms as a key source of food. Recently, however, attention has turned to urban agriculture in the United States, and other developed countries, where it has been offered as a solution to increase the food security of low-income households in cities.
January 21, 2013 Comments Off
Map of Chicago showing home food gardens (residential and single-plot vacant lot gardens) identified through manual interpretation of high resolution aerial imagery in Google Earth superimposed on the city’s 228 neighborhoods.
“Home gardens actually contribute to food security,” Taylor said. “They’re under-appreciated and unsupported.”
Research from the College of College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Jan. 3, 2013
John Taylor, a doctoral candidate working with crop sciences researcher Sarah Taylor Lovell, was skeptical about the lists of urban gardens provided to him by local non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
“Various lists were circulating,” he said. “One of them had almost 700 gardens on it.”
On closer inspection, however, many of these “gardens” turned out to be planter boxes or landscaping and were not producing food. On the other hand, Taylor suspected that there were unnoticed gardens in backyards or vacant lots.
January 6, 2013 Comments Off
Municipal Food Strategies and Integrated Approaches to Urban Agriculture: Exploring Three Cases from the Global North
In Forthcoming Special Issue of International Planning Studies – ‘Urban Food Planning’
Brent Mansfield and Wendy Mendes
International Planning Studies
19 Dec 2012
At a time when the majority of world’s population live in urban areas, the role of cities in addressing food system vulnerabilities is vital. One response has been a renewed focus by local governments in the global north on a host of individual food system issues. Still lacking are comprehensive municipal food strategies that take a coordinated approach to the food system as a whole. A municipal food strategy is an official plan or road map that helps city governments integrate a full spectrum of urban food system issues within a single policy framework including food production (typically referred to as urban agriculture (UA)), food processing, food distribution, food access and food waste management.
December 22, 2012 2 Comments