Category — thesis
We need a geography of urban agriculture which goes beyond the naive and unproblematic representation of urban food production practices, able to expose the socio-environmental exclusionary dynamics which are embedded into them.
By Chiara Tornaghi
Progress in Human Geography Journal
University of Leeds, UK
School of Geography, University of Leeds UK.
Urban agriculture is a broad term which describes food cultivation and animal husbandry on urban and peri-urban land. Grassroots as well as institution-led urban agricultural projects are currently mushrooming in the cities of the Global North, reshaping urban landscapes, experimenting with alternatives to the capitalist organization of urban life and sometimes establishing embryonic forms of recreating the Commons. While this renewed interest in land cultivation and food production is attracting increasing interest in a wide range of disciplines – from planning to landscape and cultural studies – it remains a very marginal and almost unexplored field of human geography.
February 13, 2014 Comments Off
Facilitating outcomes: multi-stakeholder processes for influencing policy change on urban agriculture in selected West African and South Asian cities.
Three cities in West Africa (Accra [Ghana]; Freetown [Sierra Leone]; and Ibadan [Nigeria]) and two cities in South Asia (Gampaha [Sri Lanka] and Magadi [Karnataka, India]
By Amerasinghe, P.; Cofie, O. O.; Larbi, T. O.; Drechsel, P. 2013. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). 34p.
(IWMI Research Report 153)
The Multi-stakeholder Policy Formulation and Action Planning approach was applied in the context of a multi-city study to influence and/or change policies that govern urban agriculture practices in three African and two Asian countries. Although the approach was successful and resulted in remarkable outcomes, it showed space for improvement to facilitate its application. The study also showed that there are significant regional differences in how best to achieve policy change, which require careful attention in order to achieve the highest returns on investment in the facilitation of impact pathways.
January 26, 2014 Comments Off
“Our country is an agricultural country and must always remain at least partly so, if we are to prosper as a nation.”
By George L. Hensley A. B.
Master of Letters
Kansas State Teacher’s College
(Must see. Mike)
Agriculture, an aid to self-realization
Many contributory reasons for the introduction of agriculture into our urban schools can be given. It has a wide range of interests common to children. It satisfies the natural desires of the child for the active, the concrete and the personal. by pitting one child against another and both against the forces of nature. If affords him the opportunities for emulation which he craves.
The following concrete summary of reasons for the introduction of agriculture was culled from the writings of W.R. Hart of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, G. F. Warren of the New York State College of Agriculture and W. H. French of the Michigan Agricultural College.
January 25, 2014 Comments Off
“When Plotters Meet’ by Caitlin O’Brian DeSilvey
By Caitlin O’Brian DeSilvey
Masters of Science Geography
University of Edinburgh 2001
(Must read. Mike)
During the twentieth century, Edinburgh allotment holders engaged in repeated efforts to defend their gardens against competing land uses. Allotment movement appeals for security of tenure and municipal investment mobilized different strategic representations of allotments’ functional and symbolic value. This thesis traces five interwoven narrative strands, which represent coexisting – but often conflicting – versions of the allotment. These strands of meaning and motive cohere around the following themes: poor-relief and social reform; recreation and leisure; urban ecology and town planning; land rights activism; and, patriotic national self-provisioning. Parliamentary allotment inquiries in 1921 and 2001 bracket my analysis thematically and chronologically.
November 17, 2013 Comments Off
Agriculture Urbaine Et Périurbaine Pour La Sécurité Alimentaire En Afrique De L’ouest. Le Cas Des Micro-Jardins Dans La Municipalité De Dakar
Phd Thesis in French – Abstract in English
By Tommaso Sposito
Defence date: 17-Dec-2010
University/Publisher Università degli Studi di Milano
The author wrote his PhD thesis about UPA in West Africa in French. His focus was on Cotonou (Benin) and Dakar, especially the micro garden project(s) in Dakar. He has followed micro garden development since 2005.
In the context of Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture (UPA) micro-gardens, a simplified version of hydroponics, represent an interesting opportunity for producers, because they are characterized by a high efficiency in the use of water (2-3 l/m2/per day) and by a great spatial versatility. Moreover the vegetables grown through this technique are of high quality, because quality water and no chemical pesticide are used. These characteristics improve the poorest families’ access to horticultural products, they contribute to diet diversification of poor (and also non poor) families and thanks to surplus selling they answer the need to create an extra source of income.
October 18, 2013 Comments Off
White Spaces, Ethnic Places: A Gap in Urban Agriculture Research
By Brandon Hoover, Ursinus College
Journal of Agriculture and Food Systems and Community Development
Published online August 26, 2013
In recent years urban agriculture has gained the attention of policy-makers, social organizers, and academics alike. This new wave of work and attention focuses on projects that ameliorate issues ranging from food insecurity to urban blight, and environmental degradation to the subversion of industrial food production. These projects consist of a variation of community gardens, educational programs, demonstration farms, and entrepreneurial production farms (I will identify all of these under the umbrella of urban agriculture (UA)).
October 11, 2013 Comments Off
“Although these are positive results, it is too early to conclude that all urban agriculture projects in the Netherlands can be run profitably.”
By Applied Plant Research
Report Published Sept. 2013
In Dutch with some English, 101 page
Urban agriculture always generates a great deal of enthusiasm. However, many people wonder what the ultimate benefits are. To clarify this issue, researchers from Wageningen UR have produced, together with Witteveen+Bos consultancy, a social cost-benefit analysis (SCBA) for three urban agriculture projects.
The researchers analysed three cases: an existing project, “Food Garden Rotterdam” and the plans for “Regional development De Nieuwe Warande Tilburg” and “Hazennest Farm” in Tilburg. The analysis revealed a large number of social benefits such as: health benefits for the volunteers due to a healthier lifestyle, improved liveability (because of the recreational possibilities), more pleasurable living and more job opportunities.
October 9, 2013 Comments Off
Comparative Analysis of Biogas Slurry and Urine as Sustainable Nutrient Sources for Hydroponic Vertical Farming
Thesis by Vlad A. Dumitrescu
Master’s programme Science for Sustainable Development
Water and Environmental Studies Department of Thematic Studies Linköping University
For my thesis I conducted research for Plantagon, the Swedish company aiming to build a large scale vertical hydroponic greenhouse in the city of Linköping. I looked at sustainable nutrient sources for hydroponics, namely biogas slurry and urine.
Sustainable alternatives to using mined nutrients in agriculture must be found in order to limit environmental impacts such as eutrophication, habitat destruction and greenhouse gas emissions. Biogas slurry and urine recycled to hydroponic food production (a type of soilless agriculture) have the potential of providing inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus, the main essential nutrients required for plant growth. A Life Cycle Inventory Assessment (LCI) methodology has been used to compare the systems of producing artificial fertilizer, biogas slurry and urine based nutrient solutions for the growth of Brassica rapa L. (Chinese cabbage) in the context of a large scale hydroponic vertical farm.
September 21, 2013 Comments Off
A case study of urban farming in Vancouver as an urban sustainable and ecological resilient practice
By Kristin Edith Abrahamsen Kjærås
Master Thesis in Human Geography Department of Sociology and Human Geography
University Of Oslo
This thesis is a qualitative case study of the mobilization and negotiation of urban farming, as an urban sustainable and economic resilient practice in the City of Vancouver. The thesis is based on a triangulation of data-collection techniques, consisting of document review, semi-structured interview, and minor participatory observation. Considering the concurrent legal imposition of urban farming in this city, this case study analyzes how urban farming is advanced as a legitimate practice within different levels of the urban political terrain. Further, this thesis progresses insight into the concrete dynamics hindering and contributing to the mobilization and negotiation of urban farming as a legitimate practice in the City of Vancouver.
September 14, 2013 Comments Off
Urban agriculture plays a number of environmental, social and economic functions, which still have to be recognised by the urban authorities.
By Paule Moustier
CIRAD, Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement, Montpellier, France
2007, Acta Horticulturae, nr 762:145-158
Peri-urban agriculture is still the subject of intense debate as regards its viability, its efficiency in urban food supply relative to rural production, and the rationale for the state to protect it from urban development. The paper investigates the role of urban horticulture in the supply of African and Asian cities and the importance of maintaining proximity between farmers and consumers of vegetables. It draws on insights of spatial economics as regards physical proximity and institutional economics as regards relational proximity. It is based on market surveys in various cities of Africa and South-East Asia, especially on the origin of food products, and the relationships between buyers and purchasers.
June 28, 2013 Comments Off
Much ink can be wasted on policy recommendations and policy documents if the political will to make them work is missing.
By Diana Lee-Smith
Environment and Urbanization
2010 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). 483
Vol 22(2): 483–499. 2010
Diana Lee-Smith holds a Doctorate from Lund University, Sweden, and co-founded Mazingira Institute, an independent research body in Kenya where she has been involved in research, development and activist work on urban environment and development issues since 1978.
For several decades, a diverse literature has claimed that urban agriculture has the potential for hunger and poverty alleviation. This article reviews empirical data from equatorial Africa that touch on this assertion, updating the work on the subject published in the mid-1990s. Research, largely from East Africa but also including Cameroon in West Central Africa, appearing in several recent and currently emerging publications is assessed and compared. The article attempts to quantify the extent of urban agriculture in several cities based on the proportion of urban households involved, and assesses its statistical and qualitative relationship to urban food and nutrition security as well as its complex relationship to poverty.
June 25, 2013 Comments Off
Urban agriculture of the future: an overview of sustainability aspects of food production in and on buildings
By Kathrin Specht, Rosemarie Siebert, Ina Hartmann, Ulf B. Freisinger, Magdalena Sawicka, Armin Werner, Susanne Thomaier, Dietrich Henckel, Heike Walk, Axel Dierich
Agriculture and Human Values
Agriculture and Human Values is the journal of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society. The Journal is dedicated to an open and free discussion of the values that shape and the structures that underlie current and alternative visions of food and agricultural systems.
Innovative forms of green urban architecture aim to combine food, production, and design to produce food on a larger scale in and on buildings in urban areas. It includes rooftop gardens, rooftop greenhouses, indoor farms, and other building-related forms (defined as “ZFarming”). This study uses the framework of sustainability to understand the role of ZFarming in future urban food production and to review the major benefits and limitations.
June 16, 2013 Comments Off
“City Farmer” tends garden in the Fenway, administered by the 600-member Fenway Civic Association. Four hundred twenty-five personal gardens are tilled on these five acres in Metropolitan Boston, 05/1973. Photo by Environmental Protection Agency.
The allotment movements were ignited by philanthropists of their time when trying to improve living conditions for the urban poor.
By Stephan Barthel, John Parker and Henrik Ernstson
Published online 28 January 2013
This article examines the role played by urban gardens during historical collapses in urban food supply lines and identifies the social processes required to protect two critical elements of urban food production during times of crisis — open green spaces and the collective memory of how to grow food. Advanced communication and transport technologies allow food sequestration from the farthest reaches of the planet, but have markedly increasing urban dependence on global food systems over the past 50 years.
June 9, 2013 Comments Off
Call for papers for an issue of Géocarrefour, 2013
Agriculture urbaine et alimentation : entre politiques publiques et initiatives locales
Appel à contribution pour un numéro de Géocarrefour, 2013
See the link to the French website.
Sylvie Lardon, directrice de recherche à l’Inra, professeure à AgroParisTech, UMR Métafort
Salma Loudiyi, Maitre de Conférences à VetAgro Sup, UMR Métafort
Between public policies and local initiatives, how to integrate city-agriculture links
There has been a constant insistence on the demographic challenge of the mid-21st century where urban growth forecasts for 2050 sound the alarm on questions of food security for cities, even for food autonomy, and on the sustainability of territorial systems which are more and more vulnerable. The stakes associated with these dynamics question our ability to think change, to invent new methods of action that are founded both on voluntarist public policies and on local initiatives that aim for a better integration of the urban-rural links, and more precisely, city-agriculture links.
March 8, 2013 Comments Off
From 2 page project poster. See complete poster here.
This study examines the business models and economics of Metro Vancouver’s urban farms
By Marc Howard Schutzbank
Master of Science – MSc
UBC’s Integrated Studies in Land and Food Systems
Increasing food insecurity, lack of sustainable food systems, and a desire to participate in the food system are prompting the growth of various forms of urban agriculture: community gardens, urban homesteads, and urban farms. Urban farms, as distinct from other urban agriculture projects, are defined by the sale of their product. They raise produce and grow ornamentals to sell in neighbourhoods, all while building urban food networks that connect communities to their food.
January 28, 2013 1 Comment